Guavas (singular guava) are common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America rowing tropical guava in a greenhouse or on a protected porch from seed is a fun project to try. In tropical climates, guava trees grow up to 12 to 14 feet tall, but kept in a container, they stay small enough for a covered porch or small greenhouse.Commercial growers use grafted trees to get specific fruit characteristics, but in the home garden, growing guavas from seed is a simple and fun way to add to the garden landscape. Grow guava outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9a through 10b. In the chillier zone 8 areas of the region, keep your guava tree in a pot on a sunny,covered porch in winte
The guava fruit grows on a small tree with a wide,short canopy and a sturdy single to multi-stemmed trunk.The guava tree is an interesting plant with mottled greenish bark and long 3- to 7-inch serrated leaves. Guava trees produce white, 1-inch flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear shaped fruits.These are more accurately berries and have soft flesh,which may be white, pink, yellow or even red and varies in taste from acidic, sour to sweet, and rich depending on variety. The guava plants thrive in any soil with good drainage and full sun for best flowering and fruit production. Guava fruit trees are tropical to sub-tropical and may achieve 20 feet in height.Growing guavas require cold protection and is not suitable outdoors in most zones of the United States. They must have shelter from freezing winds, even in sunny warm climates where occasional icy temperatures occur.
The chief pollinator of guavas is the honeybee (Apis mellifera). The amount of cross-pollination ranges from 25.7 to 41.3%.
The guava thrives in both humid and dry climates. In India, it flourishes up to an altitude of 3,280 ft (1,000 m); in Jamaica, up to 3,906 ft (1,200 m); in Costa Rica, to 4,590 ft (1,400 m); in Ecuador, to 7,540 ft (2,300 m). It can survive only a few degrees of frost. Young trees have been damaged or killed in cold spells at Allahabad, India, in California and in Florida. Older trees, killed to the ground, have sent up new shoots which fruited 2 years later. The guava requires an annual rainfall between 40 and 80 in (1,000-2,000 mm); is said to bear more heavily in areas with a distinct winter season than in the deep Tropics.
The guava seems indiscriminate as to soil, doing equally well on heavy clay, marl, light sand, gravel bars near streams, or on limestone; and tolerating a pH range from 4.5 to 9.4. It is somewhat salt-resistant. Good drainage is recommended but guavas are seen growing spontaneously on land with a high water table–too wet for most other fruit trees.
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